Organizational Models of Interprofessional Practice and Education in the United States: Results from a National Survey

National Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education (09/28/2020) Johnson, Sean Diego

The American Interprofessional Health Collaborative and the National Center for Interprofessional Practice and Education called on the IPE Organizational Models task force to conduct a survey to investigate the current state of how interprofessional education (IPE) is organized in the United States. The poll was administered to the 131 self-identified leaders of the IPE Initiatives list-serve on the National Center website between November and December 2019. Qualitative analysis of open-ended comments focused on the emergent themes of infrastructure, institutional alignment, dedicated resources, instructional space, implementation and Nexus IPE characteristics. General responses were collected from 80 institutions for a 61% response rate. Characteristics identified by a majority of the respondents included a centralized administrative structure; a formal IPE leader with a director title; a dedicated budget; a multi-institution collaboration/network/consortium; 76%-100% participation of health professions students; and a systematic IPE plan. Key themes from qualitative analysis of comments included distinct heterogeneity and variability among universities in infrastructure, dedicated resources, physical instructional space for IPE and presence and implementation of IPE curricula. Outpatient primary care was the predominant setting in which students participated in an interprofessional clinical learning environment. The authors observed much inconsistency between institutions' IPE programs as well as "a gap ... between stated institutional missions/strategic plans and the presence and extent of dedicated/centralized operational resources for IPE."

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